Professor Halet Çambel (b. 1916, d. 2014) is one of the most fascinating #trowelblazing women you never heard of. From a family of staunch friends of Atatürk himself, she was encouraged to participate in sport and represented Turkey in fencing at the 1936 Olympics—becoming the first-ever Muslim woman to compete in the Olympic games. Her stance there was unflinching; offered an opportunity to meet the Fürher himself she steadfastly refused.
She studied archaeology at the Sorbonne in Paris before returning to Turkey and building her career as an archaeologist, her poet and architect husband following her out into the field. She excavated the Hittite fortress of Karatepe, where she uncovered a sort of Hittite ‘Rosetta Stone’ with both Hittite and Phoenician scripts and still managed to spend at least part of her time teaching the local children. She was honoured with the Prince Claus award in 2004 for her pioneering work in conservation and cultural heritage protection. After a lifetime of fighting both for sport and against the threat of destruction to archaeological heritage and rural livelihoods posed by the rapid march of development, she remains an inspiration to archaeologists, ecologists, and humans in general to this day.
Thanks to @gunesduru for the suggestion!